Monthly maximum temperature above 40°C. During summers, the region in this climate is usually flat with sandy or rocky ground conditions. In this climate, it is imperative to control solar radiation and movement of hot & dusty winds.
This zone is characterised by high relative humidity (around 70-90%) and moderate to high rainfall (about 1200 mm per year). The temperatures are high in summers with high level of humidity; while in winters, temperatures are moderate.
Most characteristics of the Composite zone are similar to that of the Hot & Dry climate zone, except that Composite regions experience higher humidity levels during monsoons.
Regions that lie in the Cold climate zone are situated at high altitudes. Temperatures range between 20-30°C in summers; while in winters, from -3°C to 8°C, making it quite chilly.